The Impact of Technology on Education

The Impact of Technology on Education

 

A plethora of knowledge is now at the press of a button and the slide of the screen with these smartphones, tablets and laptops -just as science fiction movies had us daydreaming when we had the imaginations of children. We are more like The Jetsons but far from Star Trek capabilities of being beamed in a flash of light into outer space. We exist where learning occurs in the palms of the hand on smartphones, rather than in the roofed dens of lecture halls and classrooms where lecturers, tutors and teachers taught oversubscribed classes. We are at virtual libraries and virtual schools because the technology available to us has liberated the learning space.

With the wide array of easily accessible information on the Internet, the cable and the local networks, students are now under much more compulsion to assess the soundness of information before passing on information as knowledge. The over flux of information from the one billion users of the Internet has learners free to dispel with conventional knowledge for alternate knowledge –like naturopathy’s challenge of pharmacology- where people are beginning to experiment with leaves and assessing pills, testing both alternate and conventional knowledge to see which has sound wisdom.

Human beings have been building upon the centuries of knowledge passed down to each generation by the creation of better and better technology -the Internet is no different. This piece of technology has impacted on education to liberalize knowledge. Now at the touch of a button, press of a key or swipe of the screen, someone in Africa, the Americas, Asia, Europe, Australia, or from just about any part of Earth can learn to do just about anything on a smartphone, laptop or tablet. There are do-it-yourself articles and videos that can be found all over the Internet. It is possible to learn to identify the nucleus of a cell or learn to knit because there are thousands of sites online and thousands of online tertiary campuses teaching people whatever is of interest to them.

The sea of knowledge on the Internet has left many confused about what things are factual. This mass use of technology has not ensured that works like Einstein’s theory of relativity, which is freely and easily accessible on sites like Gutenberg are ever seen by students. Very few students studying the theory actually read what its inventor had to say and are not truly able to understand nor critique what knowledge has been passed by Albert Einstein to our generations to come. They read critiques on the great thinkers, assume the source knowledge would be too complex for them to grasp and never take the time to leaf through the source works of Rene Descartes or Marcus Garvey. This is the same across all disciplines and knowledge becomes lost in plain sight.

The sourcing of material is a big problem for students because of the impact of technology. Students watch on the nightly news hurriedly investigated political and social matters believing the broadcast to be factual and when thoroughly investigated the half-truths turn out to be lies.

Lecturers and postgraduate markers complain that students are sourcing tertiary sources as primary sources –in other words they have mistaken the print in newspapers for that in encyclopedias. Not every article found on the Internet is a primary source to be counted as knowledge that educational disciplines are built on. An article on the benefits of molasses in treating iron deficiency anemia can either fit into an article on naturopathy or a medical journal, or both, depending on how the article is written and the authority of its sources.

Our societies have become so advanced that students are now carrying the world’s libraries in the palms of their hands because of technology. Technology has changed access to information by the interconnection of our computer networks on devices such as laptops, tablets and smart phones. Some students are propelling themselves forward because of the access to technological but some students are still too busy with the entertainment value of technology to grasp technology’s educational uses. Technology is everything. Movies and music videos have stolen the interest of teenagers by advances technology has made in cinematography Commercialization has capitalized on teenagers fascination with the television and use educational gimmickry to culture a love for the products. Technology has significantly impacted how and why we educate ourselves.

In a research conducted by Felder-Soloman Index of Learning Styles, the authors -Malgorzata S. Zywno
and Judith K. Waalen- in their article, ‘The Effect of Individual Learning Styles on Student Outcomes in Technology-enabled Education’, noted that technologically assisted students with particular learning styles more than the conventional learning. The research showed that ‘[t]he largest increases in achievement were found among students with active, sensing and global learning preferences.’ Diifferent personalities and learning styles have been able to benefit from the various education techniques afforded by technology. Some persons are more auditory than visual, some need repetition for learning, some need interactive learning, et cetera, and with auditory, visual devices at their fingertips, students can choose the learning styles that suit them best.

Even toys are designed to mimic technology to teach children about life. A parent buys a toy phone or drone for their child to spur the child’s curiosity. That interest grows with the child, who in the possible future grows to love gadgets or to design a plane.

In the article ‘Changing Instructional Practice: The Impact of Technology Integration on Students, Parents, and School Personnel’ by Jennifer A. Alexiou-Ray, Elizabeth Wilson, Vivian H. Wright & Ann-Marie Peirano
from the University of Alabama, the research conducted showed that 92% of students reported a positive impact in technology making the learning experience more fun and interesting.

Technology has immensely impacted on distance learning and now thousands of schools are now accessible from the comfort of the bedroom or office boardroom because distance learning is self motivated and designed around the student’s schedule. Forbes reported that e-learning was projected to earn U.S. $107 billion in 2015.

Publishing houses have also caught up to technology and have reduced the number of printed books to accommodate the growing electronic books now accessible on hand held devices. The New York Times reported that ‘e-book sales soared, up 1,260 percent between 2008 and 2010’.

Technology is impacting education in a huge way. Never before have we had such access to knowledge.

 

 

 

Studying Made Easy

Studying From Your Own Notes

 

The number one rule to studying is to always relax. If the subject is approached with undue pressure, it is like short-circuiting the brain –very little knowledge will be absorbed for the test.

Notes made in class or during self-revision are the first things to be revised before a test. These notes briefly sum up what the teacher took an entire session to cover. If the notes are incomplete, a quick look through the textbooks will allow for jotting in missing information. The new notes will also provide for additional studying, as well as self-assessment to determine preparedness for the exam. Relax.

Jot down questions and self assess yourself on every topic. Answering questions allows for any information not covered in self-notes to be jotted in. By constantly rewriting self-notes the reviser becomes abreast of the topic and will fully understand what is required to cover the topic being tested.

Revise with other persons only when you have grasped the study material. Going unprepared to a study group will cause a panic because everybody else will seem more knowledgeable than you.

Proteins For Vegans

Everybody must retain protein in her and his diet to keep the body fit and spruced. The tendency of some persons when they remove meat proteins from their diets is to consume lots of fruits and vegetables and stick mainly to complex root starches such as sweet potatoes and yams –all of which are healthy choices- but no meal is complete without proteins. Every cell in the human body contains chains of protein. Everything we do –even a basic smile- involves muscular activities that require protein. Despite our body’s inability to do without protein, the body does not store protein.

The cells in the human body use the protein eaten on a daily basis to maintain the repair and functioning of the muscles like the fuel that keeps our engines revving. What protein we do not use, we excrete as waste or convert to sugars and fat. If the body is malnourished of proteins, its muscle mass will waste away and the skin will become thin and flaccid. This condition of the muscles is generally due to a lack of exercise and insufficient protein in the diet. Vegans have to be careful of robbing their bodies of its necessary proteins by sticking to a carbohydrates, fruits and vegetables rich diet that lacks protein.

From a handful of nuts a vegan can get the equivalent protein found in a serving of meat. Nuts in their natural state are rich in protein, fatty acids, fiber and Omega 3. According to The Peanut Institute in the United States of America ‘large population studies show that when eaten daily in small amounts, peanuts reduce the risk of many chronic diseases (Sabate, 2006; 2009).’

Unless the intention is to gain weight, do not rapidly consume a jar of peanut butter. Doing so will make a vegan gain seven pounds of muscle mass in one week. The good thing about this weight gain is that it is mainly the muscular body and not the stores of healthy fat deposit in the skin that gets built up.

It is important to eat a variety of proteins. Protein makes up our skin, the muscles in the eyes, the hair, the nails , the blood –every single cell in our body has protein. Proteins are found in peas, beans and nuts. Like fruits and vegetables, eating cashew only will not give us the proteins and other nutrients found in peanuts, coconuts, walnuts, cocoa, coffee, lima beans or red pigeon peas. Cocoa, for example, produces chocolate and when eaten in the raw state within minutes will make the body become warm because it is rich in iron and good cholesterol both of which fuel the body.

The juice from the coconut can replace almost all the nutrients needed by the blood and is recommended by doctors worldwide as dehydration fluids to nourish the body after vomiting and diarrhea. Coconut water was used intravenously by soldiers in the Vietnam War, as a replacement for the blood lost from wounds on the battlefield. In Jamaica, the juice is said to be the only fluid that washes the heart and the meat of the young coconut –the sperm like fluid that germinates the nut is good to improve male virility. These are just some of the benefits that can be gained from consuming a variety of nuts.

Some healthy protein sources for vegan include non-GMO soybeans, wheat berries, coconuts, cocoa nuts, coffee beans, lima beans, garbanzo beans, cashews, peanuts, walnuts and almonds, pigeon peas, gungo peas and black-eye peas.

Boiling and blending the soybeans with the wheat berries as a drink can create a very special treat. For flavor add vanilla, almonds and peanuts with two spoons of cane sugar in a glass or drink it warm in a mug like porridge. This is a treat you will not cloy of. It is a protein rich shake containing all the fibers and protein the body needs for the day. It will build the muscle mass in no time.

BYOD -Business Sense

BYOD -For Better Business

 

BYOD -Business Sense

 

BYOD stands for bring your own device. It is the practice of allowing not just employees but also customers and friends access to home and business Internet services by the use of the friend, employee or customer’s personal device. These devices include smartphones, laptops and tablets. The business or household benefits by being forward thinking in satisfying their friend, employee or customer’s need. If it is the one house or business on the block allowing everybody free Wi-Fi –everybody is turning up for access.

Companies allowing employees to use their own devices -which are oftentimes more technologically advance- save the company from having to purchase expensive smartphones, laptops and tablets for their employees’ use on the job. The employee is happy to use the company’s time for personal matters on his or her personal phone but more importantly the familiarity of one’s own device and satisfaction on the job improves the quality of work. In the article, ‘Business-unit-level relationship between employee satisfaction, employee engagement, and business outcomes: A meta-analysis’ by Harter, James K.; Schmidt, Frank L.; Hayes, Theodore L. in the Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol 87(2), Apr 2002, 268-279 found that employee satisfaction affected the business unit outcomes ‘of customer satisfaction, productivity, profit, employee turnover, and accidents.’

BYOD establishments are customer friendly and the way forward. Customers get this service in supermarkets, hairdressing salons and even tattoo parlors. BYOD services are everywhere.

Once the Internet is available at work an employee automatically will tap into free Wi-Fi services to have access to the Internet and being familiar with their own device will get more quality work done. The employee is better able to build customer relations but this becomes problematic when an employee is dismissed and leaves with customer data on her or his personal device. For companies in this situation it is like losing clients to your competitor.

As there are benefits to everything, there are also disbenefits. There are risks for breaches in network security by anti-malware software accessed by persons visiting unsecure sites. There is the dishonesty of customers, employees and friends seeking to break encryptions and passwords to gain greater access to the company or the individual’s network of private files. Plus there is the foreseeable loss of personal devices by employees, customers and friends with sensitive data. There is the risk of the found device being accessed by unsavory persons by the jail breaking and sandboxing of the smartphone, laptop or tablet.

Companies and private parties need not fear BYOD. They are able to manually add those persons to their network and to not include those are to be denied access to the network. BYOD is the way forward and is here to stay. Businesses that choose to lock customers out the networks exist in the dark days. The commercialization of internet access, especially since the injection of mobile collaborative applications (apps) means there is nothing that can be done to change people’s desire to have the same ease of access at home in the workplace or in the establishments of businesses they choose to serve their interests.

There is an application for everything. Businesses do not need to run from the advancement of technology; they need to integrate technology into their businesses. This means understanding the advantages and disadvantages of employees and customers having access to their network and learning to protect themselves.

How can companies and individuals protect their network and the employees and friends’ personal devices from being corrupted? They can do so with with anti-malware software, encryption codes, passcodes, and by remote wipe of devices that have been lost, stolen, or compromised. There are also software solutions such as Good for Enterprise, Citrix and Cisco BYOD Smart Solution that are designed to protect local networks from breach in security. Companies allowing employees and clients to bring their own devices to access their network can also learn to manually restrict access points and control the data those with access to their networks can see and use.

There is no need for IT departments to panic about the social inclusion of personal devices on the company’s network or home network. As with everything there are problems and solutions. Problems can at times be avoided and will always be surmounted with knowledge.

The Tea Pot’s Magic

Most people would think tea originated in England but the British developed their love of tea from the Chinese. That was centuries ago. Today tea is the second most consumed beverage worldwide next to water.

People drink tea habitually. Most grew up hearing that tea was good for belching gas or to relieve headaches but many do not know what the individual plants are good for. People pour hot water on leaves and barks for all sorts of reasons. For example, cut pieces of ginger into thin strips and pour hot water onto it, wait for the medicinal properties to be extracted and what you drink will relieve stomach ache and menstrual cramps. Pour hot water over a couple Hibiscus flowers and the tea is good for hypertension. Mint is good for soothing the stomach and is also used as a relaxer. Chamomile grows wild along the road, is fed to goats and rabbits and is brewed for a good night’s rest.

The more people learn about brewing tea, the more our grandmothers’ pearl of wisdom about never leaving the house without a cup of tea very smart advice. What many people will not know is that brewing tea in a metal container causes it to lose some of its medicinal properties. That is partly why the Chinese use ceramic containers to extract the nutrients and why the Africans use clay and wooden pots. The teapot makes all the difference in the effectiveness of what is brewed.

Health Benefits of Chewing Ice

There has been a lot of talk about those who chew ice having pagophagia –an addiction as a result of a mental disorder where they eat dirt, snow, paint, basically everything a mother would scold her child not to do because of the fear of germs or some sort of poisoning. However, a lot of pregnant women will find themselves developing the habit of chewing ice and there are those who have failed to treat their anemia; who, the chewing of ice will stop from shivering.

Ask the Eskimos how they survive miles journeying in snow. Or ask the Russians why they take baths in the frozen water. For centuries people in the most northern parts of the world have found that the body can adjust to cold temperatures by its constant exposure to even colder temperatures. Mother nature has her mysteries. She is evidence of the Creator’s Divine genius.

But if you are not into eating ice, swimming in icy lakes or you are not an Eskimo who builds her or his house out of snow, and you are just a concerned citizen, who is into modern medicine who notices the neighbor constantly chewing ice, tell her or him to consult a medical doctor. Constantly crunching the cold watery treats can be a sign of iron deficiency anemia, pregnancy or pagophagia.

Symptoms of iron deficiency anemia include extreme fatigue, paleness of skin, weakness, coldness of hands and feet, shortness of breath and chest pains.

Suggestions for anemia:

  1. Chew cups of cubed ice.
  2. Drink two spoons of molasses in black tea twice daily with lime

Got a love of chewing the frozen delectables, crunch away. One cup of ice equates to half cup of water. By the time the cup of ice is finished a bloated feeling will fill your stomach. You feel but do not look full. That full feeling sustains your appetite for a while. The ice does not stay in your body and after you urinate, the fullness in your stomach is gone. The fullness keeps you from snacking between meals.

Chewing ice keeps your breath fresh. If you are at a club drinking, crunching ice will not send you straight to the bathroom like gulping a glass of fluid. Chewing ice also dilutes whatever salty or sweet substance you have already consumed by melting into water in your mouth.

Be careful not to bite down too hard or you will crack a man-made tooth or fillings. Please if you are chewing ice, chew small cubes of ice.

Adding Stepping Stones To The Yard

If you do not have any money and want to do a little home improvement, look around for leftover tiles thrown at the back of the yard from last year’s construction and get ready to build some stepping stones.

Firstly lay the tiles in a row.

 

Pick up whatever stones around the yard you would like as decorations around the steps and place them around the tiles. If there are not enough, head to wherever a pile of river stones have been discarded and scoop them up. If this is your first time doing a do-it-yoursel project, a sense of embarassment may come over you to be treasuring discarded items but for the seasoned persons, it as called making art on a zero dollar budget.

Transplant whatever flowers you like in a row next to the steps and voila! You have a new look for your garden.