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Band Aid Over A Bleeding Wound

Have you ever known anyone to pretend to assist and when you check it out, it felt like they were plucking out your eye because the evil they wrought was right before you but you never saw it. How else are the people living in poverty to feel when others make grand announcements that come at their expense, then turn around and steal money through the back door?

Let us examine what is happening in Haiti. In 2010 an earthquake destroyed almost every building in Port-au-Prince. The images of the devastation were splashed over all the worldwide and local news medias. It was a joy to see that relief efforts came from the United States, Canada and many other nations. But did they really help or was this just another grand show advertised by the best media on TV?

Below: Hilary Clinton (American Presidential Hopeful) and Bill Clinton (Former American President)

Hilary Clinton, Presidential hopeful for the 2016 United States election could be seen supporting Caracol, the industrial park that was financed by $224 million US in subsidies from mostly American partners, which promised 60,000 jobs to the Haitians and contributing Americans. But according to the U.S. Department of State, Caracol delivered 6,000. It is important to note that the U.S. Department of State was not providing Haiti with free monies. These monies are subsidies. A subsidy is a form of financial aid or support extended to an economic sector (or institution, business, or individual) generally with the aim of promoting economic and social policy. Subsidies come at the expense of the public purse to effect some cause but are generally accompanied by deals brokered outside the public domain. They are generally one hand wash the other schemes.

Governments were not the only ones collecting aid on behalf of the Haitians. There were many non governmental organizations assisting the women, men and children of the tragedy. The US Red Cross raised half a billion to help rebuild Haiti and is said to have only built 6 homes. They released a statement claiming to have moved 100,000 people from tents to permanent housing but have offered no evidence to support this. Their infomercial features one man saying he was housed.

The Haitian earthquake killed 220,000, injured 300,000 and left 1.5 million homeless. The CIA Agency World Fact Book states that poverty, corruption, vulnerability to natural disasters, and low levels of education for much of the population are among Haiti’s most serious impediments to economic growth and that Haiti is currently the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere with 80% of the population living under the poverty line and 54% in abject poverty.

US Department of State have helped:

  • Some 328,000 displaced Haitians housed,
  • 2.7 million cubic meters of rubble removed,
  • 6,000 jobs created at the Caracol Industrial Park in Haiti’s north,
  • Tens of thousands of Haitian farmers have higher crop yields and incomes,
  • A new 10 megawatt power plant is providing electricity in the north,
  • The Haitian National Police is stronger with the addition of more than 3,000 new officers,
  • More Haitians have access to police services as a result of new police commissariats built in areas not previously serviced by the police,
  • Some 600 semi-permanent classrooms were constructed enabling 60,000 children to return to school, and
  • Many basic health indicators, including child nutrition and mortality and HIV/AIDS are improving.

Assessing the Claims

After the earthquake leveled Port au Prince, the capital,  Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) and the Cubans, having already been supplying the impoverished nation with medical aid before the earthquake, were the first medical persons to respond. MSF had 3,408, Canada 45, the United States 550 and Cuba 1504 medical personnel on the ground. MSF treated 54,000, Canadians treated 21,000, the U.S. treated 871, and the Cubans treated 227,143 patients. MSF performed 3,700 surgeries, the Canadians 0, the U.S. 871 and the Cubans 6,499. 

A June 2013 Government Accountability Office report of the USAID’s Haiti reconstruction effort was that USAID’s budget went up by 65%, and the number of houses to be built came down by 80%. Food security is still a major issue. American money went to the distribution of seeds, food grants, and tree planting. According to the last survey by the World Food Program there are three million women, men and children in Haiti facing food insecurity, which is half the population. The efforts by all who assisted must be applauded. Right now the aim is true justice for the deprived.

The cry was Haiti needs to be able to sustain itself. This means being aided in the creation of homes capable of withstanding their environmental conditions and not the receiving of multilateral loans to cripple it for another century, as is the practice of multilateral banks like the International Monetary Fund. It means the education of Haiti’s mass is a must. No nation can sustain or develop its people without an education system capable of improving itself. The temporary construction of schools is a temporary fix that when properly assessed is an unsustained costly waste. Permanence is needed. A functional Haiti also means a functional health care system. Before the earthquake in 2010, infant mortality, per 1,000 live births was 80 but because of the work of the Cubans who have been aiding the country from 1999, the infant mortality per 1000 births fell to 33. Child Mortality Under 5 per 1,000 was 135 and fell to 59.4. Maternal Mortality per 100,000 live births was 523 and fell to 285. Life Expectancy (years) was 54 and increased to 61.

The Cubans do not have money. Yet they commit themselves to truly helping others. What is wrong with the rest of the world. Human greed is a disease. But as one human race and one people, we decided in 1948 with our Universal Declaration of Human Rights, we wanted better. This present objective by the United Nations for sustainable development of all peoples is noble, as expressed by Christine Lagarde, its Managing Director and the whole Earth supports the overhauling of our unjust systems that have profited a small minority. In the Americas, the rewriting of economic injustice must begin with Haiti. Haiti was the first nation in the Americas to free itself of colonial rule and for that France slapped it with a crippling debt that it has never been able to repay. The evils of colonialism stalk us. We are one world and the problems of one, are the problems of all.


Sugar Is Money

The threat to Jamaica’s sugar industry comes more from the Sugar Industry Authority (SIA); which, by its monopoly on local sugar is now seen as a stumbling block to local companies like the Golden Grove Sugar Company, the only truly Jamaican sugar producers, as all others are partly owned by foreigners, even if operated by locals.

Local sugar producers who wish to market their own brand of sugar and to source their own market -like the privilege given to the Chinese- believe they would benefit by the Sugar Industry Authority allowing them to do so. But SIA uses Jamaica Cane Products Sales Ltd to market Jamaican sugar and as such is reluctant to relinquish its monopoly. There are reasons for this monopoly.

Jamaica has agreements with foreign countries to supply at least 11,000 MT of sugar to the United States. In Europe, Tate and Lyle Sugars have been Jamaica’s main purchaser. Overall, Jamaica supplies at least 59,000 MT of sugar to the continent. To not be able to supply these markets would mean Jamaica losing its preferential position. For those claiming sugar is not profitable, they labor under a misconception because sugar is indispensable. We consume it even to the detriment of our health and have been dong so for the last 6000 years. The 92,000 MT of sugar Jamaica has sold since the start of the year is valued at JA $16 billion on the world market.

There is talk that sugar prices on the world market has plummeted. Jamaica does not sell sugar to the Futures Market (dump market). As stated above most of Jamaica’s sugar goes to preferred buyers. The sugar commodities market or dump market operates like the stock market. Except that in the United States, sugar farmers are incapable at selling at a profit are dumped into this market and sold like shares. It is this pricing that fluctuates at every hiccup in the various sugar producing nations, not the sugar sold to direct buyers at higher preferential prices. The recent drop in the Futures Market prices for sugar does not affect Jamaica, only if SIA is buying local sugar at dump market prices and not at a cap below the prices agreed to with its main overseas buyers.

Most of the world’s sugar comes from Brazil and India. Jamaica was once the main producer of sugar and in 1960 exported 358,000 MT. Since then our rate of sugar production as steadily declined. Our cane sugar has had to share market with beet sugar of which France is the main supplier. France in 1811 invested in research and technology to break English monopoly on cane sugar during the Napoleonic Wars. The wars over sugar have always been waged on the colonies and though we are no longer a colony, not much has changed. So priceless is sugar that there is still a surge to own plantations. The Chinese have now joined the quest for sugar in our waters.

Jamaican sugar cane producers have financial problems servicing loans which they borrow to bring the crop to fruition. When they failed to get the desired yield as a result of poor soil, insufficient storage of rainfall and other cultivating hiccups, they are unable to repay their debts, which in SEPROD’s case amounted to $2 billion in losses. Yet, despite this loss, SEPROD sees SIA as its obstacle and not acts of God because it sees profit in sugar, if, it is able to retail and market its own produce.

Jamaica imported 78,000 MT of refined sugar in 2014. That means we lost billions buying what we grow and produce. Instead of breaking even, a collapsed sugar industry will see us losing the JA $16 billion plus spending JA $16 billion more to import even more sugar than what we presently do. We would lose. We cannot complain about subsidizing sugar for every country subsidizes sugar. If our local sugar producers want to market their products, we should let them try.

At present Jamaica needs to export 300, 000 MT to be viable. Our major difficulty lies in increasing our yield, especially since we have not equipped ourselves to store our rainfall. Inviting small farmers to cultivate sugar cane is an option if we teach our farmers how to increase their yield. In Brazil farmers use a sugar cane residue called filter cake which is rich in phosphorous, organic matter and other nutrients, instead of relying heavily on fertilizers which deplete nutrients from soils. This allows them to use 50% less fertilizers.

Initially when the Jamaican government in  2009 desired to sell Frome, Bernard Lodge and Monymusk they had first propositioned the Brazilians before the Chinese. Brazil has managed to profit from sugar cane via many ways. From sugar cane they produce food (sugar), bioplastics and biofuel (ethanol). With sugar cane they have liberated themselves from dependence on foreign oil. Jamaica is now producing ethanol from sugar cane. Why then would be collapse our sugar industry with fear?

The protests at Monymusk Sugar Estate in Clarendon on September 14, 2015 show that there are serious labor problems that are the remnants of slavery. There is a reluctance to pay cane cutters fair wages but this is the problem of every sector. Business men want more profit for themselves and less for workers. This is a policy matter for the Government to demand proper wages for workers. This change can only come when we seek to raise the standard of living for all because people lack the buying power to absorb the increases that the business men will pass on to the consumer.

King sugar cannot die. The opposite is true, like the race to buy water sources around the globe, there is a race to buy existing plantations by foreigners to corner the scarce commodity by more affluent nations. Do not be fooled by old rhetoric. The old rhetoric that sugar is valueless has seen deals brokered in the last three decades  which has stolen our golden sugar. We do not own our sugar estates (the fifth estate). If we lose sugar, our local food producers will suffer shortages that will send them out of business. JCPS, the producers of Jamaica Gold sugar must relish SIA monopoly, as marketers of our sugar they are better able to expand to their desired 10,000 MT.

Get Rid of Bank Debts

Banks have a tendency to contract with borrowers to an agreed sum and interest, and when the borrower becomes incapable of servicing the debt, the debt balloons to a figure neither the borrower nor the lender would have contracted to. These practices benefit the banks only to the extent where the borrower becomes able to pay and benefits no one when the bank has no assets to recoup. There may be a way around these rigid policies that does not cause the borrower to lose real wealth repaying these exorbitant debts but it involves lots of negotiating and begging with the bank. Ask your bank to allowed to you to pay off the principal and disregard the interests. That way it is a win-win situation for both lender and borrower, as there is no loss on either the part of the lender or borrower, as what was borrowed was paid.

A Time To Kill: The Apartheid Rule of the Israeli Occupying State

The cries of the Palestinians in Gaza, the West Bank and East Jerusalem come from the dark to a seemingly deafened universal ear. Despite the number of reports by non-governmental organizations (NGOs), human rights organizations, judiciary bodies, as well as reports from the United Nations, the apartheid practices of the Israeli government towards Palestinians living in Gaza, the West Bank and East Jerusalem are met with a powerless attitude by the world governing bodies who, despite a worldwide moral outcry invaded Afghanistan and Iraq and yet do nothing to restrain Israel’s apartheid rule.

Israel objects to its description as an apartheid state. However when The Report of the Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights in the Palestinian Territories Occupied since 1967 by John Dugard to the January 2007 sitting of the Human Rights Council of the United Nations cite the creation of Jewish-only settlements by the Israeli government, the creation of an ID system, separate roads for Israeli and Palestinian citizens, roadblocks, earth mounds and trenches, numerous military checkpoints, discriminatory marriage law, the West Bank barrier (also known as the wall), the use of Palestinians as cheap labor, Palestinian West Bank enclaves, inequities in infrastructure, legal rights issues, and the inequality in accessing land and resources by the Palestinians as opposed to Israeli residents in the Israeli-occupied territories as resembling that of the South African apartheid regime, and that elements of Israel’s occupation constitute forms of colonialism, which are contrary to international law, then the sensitivities of the Israeli state are muted by the facts.

The recent abandoning of apartheid bus plans by Israel’s Prime Minister, Binyamin Netanyahu is an indication that despite the deafness of political leaders, there is still power in the voices of the worldwide peoples to influence the decisions of individual nations. Within hours of his announcement, Prime Minister Netanyahu was forced to cancel a pilot scheme that would have seen Palestinian workers banned from travelling on Israeli buses in the occupied territories. This failed initiative of Israel serves to fuel beliefs that its practices are indeed apartheid.

In Section III of the first paragraph of Article 47 of the Fourth Geneva Convention (GCIV): Protected persons who are in occupied territory shall not be deprived, in any case or in any manner whatsoever, of the benefits of the present Convention by any change introduced, as the result of the occupation of a territory, into the institutions or government of the said territory, nor by any agreement concluded between the authorities of the occupied territories and the Occupying Power, nor by any annexation by the latter of the whole or part of the occupied territory.

Banning Palestinians from travelling on Israeli buses in the Gaza, West Bank and East Jerusalem is the last of a series of deprivation strategies by Israel, the occupying state in contravention of Article 47 of the GCIV. John Dugard’s report to the United Nations denounced the 2006 military operations within Gaza – “Operation Summer Rains” and “Operation Autumn Clouds,” as violations of human rights and international humanitarian laws. The Israeli Defense Forces’ (IDF) heavy artillery shelling and air-to-surface missile attacks, the bulldoze of homes, schools, hospitals and mosques, public buildings, bridges, water pipelines and electricity networks and the leveling of agricultural lands have been excessively inhumane. On November 8th 2006, 9 civilians were killed and 55 wounded, including women and children. Dougard is clearly being politically sensitive because to the layman it seems as if Israel is destabilizing Palestine. Now common sense must intervene at some point because annihilation of any peoples by any people in this time is in contravention of our common civility and hence, Israel’s foolish practices are creating monsters around it.


The economic sanctions by Israel and the governing bodies of the world have left 70 percent of the Gaza workforce unemployed. What the governing bodies have done is to cripple the occupied territories of Palestine creating the humanitarian crisis that now exists.

The creation of these dual existing states within one local (Palestine) on May 14, 1948 by David Ben-Gurion, the head of the Jewish Agency and U.S. President Harry S. Truman is an ideal worth striving for but independent kingdoms will not exist side by side, nor be tributary to one another, there shall be one whole, and the lesser shall be parts thereof, not over nor under them, but as helpmates.

The Dougard report further sites that between 25th of June 2006 and the truce that came into force at the end of November 2006, over 400 Palestinians were killed and some 1,500 injured, more than half of those killed and wounded being civilians. Of those killed 90 were children and of the injured 300 were children. During the same period 3 Israeli soldiers were killed and 18 wounded, and 2 Israeli civilians were killed and some 30 injured in Siderot and its precincts by Qassam rockets fired by Palestinians from Gaza. These spates of killings were in response to the capture of Corporal Gilad Shalit by Palestinian militants on 25 June 2006. Israel must ask itself when is the time to kill? Can it justify its state of terror with an ends justify the means policy? Or should it create one whole with two helpmates?

White Americans seem to think the time to kill black Americans is now. Their envy of black skin runs deep. In their movies and sense of history they paint themselves as intellectually and courageously superior to blacks -pigging backing on Hitler’s white supremacy sentiments to galvanize his race. All that is good and well, except for the monstrosity that he created. It was earth once more becoming the sport of false gods and plundering into savagery. At its end we decided to be raised up and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights 1948 was that.

America is one. They should take a look at a little motto in their hemisphere “Out of Many One People” that Jamaicans have. To see themselves as divided by race is backward. They shattering because they have failed to give growth to the best in their people talents and interests by thwarting their different cultural groups. This minute they pick on the Mexicans and then the Chinese, now they are killing black Americans in their streets. Think. We are capable of reason.

This Is The New America -Out of Many; One People.

Early Maroons Were Never Slaves

Jamaicans watch as the island’s resources are gobbled up and many remain deafeningly silent. On yet another Emancipation Day, Jamaica finds itself with no Blueprint as to where It intends to be in 20-50 years. Nation building as long taken a backseat to individual political greed and the culture and sustainability of the people are ignored. National resources like water, have been a talking point every summer when dams are exhausted and when the rains come Jamaicans are overwhelmed. Jamaicans look back at its recent history every Emancipation celebration but remain ignorant of who its people really are or how long they have been in existence. Take the Cockpit Country as example, it should be on every school child’s lips because of its secrets. But unlike mainland America, which makes icons of historic characters in cartoons, comics and movies, here in the Caribbean, we are yet to thrust our heroes to pop consumption.

Let us take a long look at the Cockpit Country and why it, a little Jamaican monkey and the Maroons are of such importance. The Jamaican monkey is called the Xenothrix Mcgregoria. It was discovered in Long Mile Cave by Harold Anthony in 1919 in the Cockpit Country. It is Jamaican and it descended from the African ‘owl monkey’ but evolved new features to survive living in its new environment -the Americas. It was brought from Africa prior to European discovery of the New World. But our scientists and historians are yet to acknowledge that the Africans who came to the New World prior to Columbus traveled much further than Mexico, to as far as the Caribbean seas; for by 1492 when Columbus got to the Caribbean, the Xenothrix Mcgregoria had become extinct.

The Cockpit Country is not the relaxing sea and sand resort like Jamaica’s popular northern strips of white sand. The conditions make it a wilderness almost impossible to endure or even to explore. It has seasons when swarms of mosquitoes spread like a sheet across the air. Modern insect repellents do not stop these swarms piercing their stinging needles into the traveler’s eyelids, ears, neck, fingertips or any other exposed inch of flesh because the bloodsuckers spread across the air like a black net. Mosquitoes are just one of the predators that this wetland breeds. Wet! That is the operative word. Rain seems to materialize from nothing and sprinkle on top of the pools of water on the saturated ground. Journeying inwards becomes even more hazardous because of the undiscovered caves and possible soil slippages. This is land of the Cockpit Maroons -sacred unpatented ground. As scared unpatented land, this land is one of the few free spaces in the whole Earth and it is home to Maroons, the most mystical people in Jamaica and one of the most mystical people on the entire planet. We know of Nanny of the Maroons, who was impenetrable by bullets and Quao who was invisible. We joke about it but it is certain that the Spaniards and the British found the Maroon’s science superior.


The Cockpit Country has no title. It is one of the only free spaces on the planet. A Peace Treaty agreement in 1738 between Britain and the Maroons following an 83 year war, which began in 1655, from a treaty between the Spaniards and the Maroons to prevent British invasion of the island saw the Maroons engulfed in war with the British. For the Maroon/English war it was the Spaniards who recruited Maroon assistance because they had found the Maroons impossible to defeat in their war with them and thought the British would have the same difficulty. Maroon has come to mean wild and untameable but it means lost at sea. These were thought to be descendants of 400 ships that Abu Bakr sent from Mali in the 1300s but they are not. Vespucci in 1501 saw Maroons living with the Native American Indians all along the coasts of the Americas and was so shocked that Africans had long arrived to the Americas before the Europeans. What Vespucci did not understand is who these people were or how mythical a people they are. Some people call them the Mound Builders. The great builders of the pyramids of the Americas, who had long before created its constitution for the these present times when all races would be gathered together as one union.

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The Maroons came to the Americas during the biblical flood of Noah’s time. They were led by the Creator and his angels through an arc of light. When people think of Noah, they think of an ‘ark’ as a ship, however the arc was a rainbow. It was light. The Maroons are children of the rainbow, who came from the rainbow. As long as the rainbow is in the sky it is their age; it is the covenant of their time.

Ten years after the Spaniards had accepted the freedom of the Maroons on the island of Jamaica war commenced with the British. The Maroons kept fighting. It was the fighting that led to such a long history of war, for as Faithists, they are non-resistant. Faithist do not war. Faithists exercise faith in the Creator to solve all problems peaceably. As the first inhabiters of the land, they were to welcome and culture all who came after as servants of the Great Spirit. But for a lack of faith, the Maroons saw the British  colonize and re-cultured the land to that of a foreign resistant culture with a standing army and citizenry who are murdered by weapons of war. As non-violent people their power comes from the I AM THAT I AM.

The British too acceded to the freedom of the Maroons by signing its own Peace Treaty of 1738, guaranteeing that the Maroons were free in the Americas. Guerrilla war tactics and higher science were what the Maroons employed to attack the numerically greater British force. By their own admission in Assembly logs the British acceded that their troops were attacked when they least expected it and in terrains the British were incapable of mounting a defense. The Maroons slowly wounded the British until they caved from the blows. The British soldiers could not track the Maroons, who their captains and governors write were invisible to them during gun fights. British soldiers said the Maroons disappeared in the trees and rocks as ghosts and in 1737, the Assembly brought the Mosquito Indians into Jamaica to track the Maroons but the Indians had little success.

Instead of being revered as national heroes, the Maroons have been mistrusted by Jamaicans, especially since the Treaty with the British required them to hunt and return runaway slaves. At one point in history, the planters complained that the Maroons were returning more dead than living runaways and increased in the Jamaican Assembly the incentive for the slaves returned alive. For these and more reasons the Jamaican Assembly, thought the Maroons a problem they needed to disappear.

The Maroons raided the plantations and took slaves. Slaves also ran from the plantations to join them in their free lands. Some of these slaves were traitors. Some wanted to return to the plantations with secret knowledge of secret locations. The Maroons presence was a constant reminder of freedom to the slaves and many slaves ran away to form their own communities. But the Treaty allowed for British superintendents to live in the Maroon camp as spies. By gathering intelligence the Jamaican Assembly was able to stop the Maroons instigating a similar revolution to what was happening in France, Haiti, and the American mainlands to eradicate slavery. In 1795 the Jamaican Assembly restricted movement in an out of Jamaica and began shadowing foreigners because of rumors of a Maroon revolt. They collected testimonies from Jean Folef Moranfon, an embassy official in New York that free coloreds had left New York on a vessel loaded with corn for Jamaica and that another 150 French men were in the island to help the Maroons fight. Moranfon also said 10,000 blacks would land in Kingston Harbour to join the Maroon’s to free all the slaves.

Instead of sending the soldiers destined to quell the French revolution, The Jamaican Assembly sent a thousand soldiers from Montego Bay into the Cockpit. In response, the Maroons sent a delegation to inquire into the declaration of war. That delegation of 39 was captured and put on a ship to be deported from Jamaica. The Maroons then burnt their communities and retreated into the Cockpit Mountains. According to Assembly logs the war was like the war of 1655, the British soldiers could not see the Maroons but were counting losses, which included a governor and two captains. The British were forced to negotiate a second Peace Treaty of 1795 but it was not to be honored; for, when the Maroons seized fighting the British broke the treaty and deported the entire Trelawny Town Maroons to Nova Scotia in Canada. From Nova Scotia they were taken to Sierra Leone. These Maroons were Cudjoes descendants and the first rebels to be extradited from Jamaica’s shores

By the first Peace Treaty of 1738, the Jamaican Assembly, the then government, declared themselves foreigners to Maroon territory. It is Maroons who dictate the governance of Maroon lands, the rights of possession, and the rights of occupation. It was also agreed that Maroons would benefit from Crown lands. Maroons are free to go everywhere in Jamaica, except private property. However, the Jamaican Assembly sought to curtail Maroon rights. In 1864, by the Act 2 Wm. 4, Cap. 24 the privileges of free persons were conferred on the Maroons and by an Act, 5 Victoria Chap 49 all privileges and disabilities were removed from the Maroons to merge them into the population breaking the Treaty of 1738. In present time it became an ethical and a legal contention, which was addressed to the Privy Council, but the Privy Council legally cannot rule against decisions of its own British Parliament and did not. Maroons still contest these rulings which sought to make free people governed.

Maroon lands protect the last wilderness in Jamaica and forty percent (40%) of the sustainable water supply to a large section of the country. The Cockpit country is a 22,327 hectares watershed created by rain soaking through calcium carbonate (limestone) rocks to form natural tunnels and caves which are what store and transport water to three of the island’s 14 parishes. The aquifers of four major rivers: Black River in the parish of St. Elizabeth, Martha Brae in the parish of Trelawny and Great River and Montego River in the parish of St. James get water from the Cockpits. St. James has a population of 183,811, St. Elizabeth a population of 150,205 and Trelawny a population of 75,164 as of 2014 and everybody needs water. Disturbing the natural water channel cannot be validated by harboring unrealistic dreams of rehabilitating the watershed. The waterways once excavated, or disturbed will collapse or change and cause drought in some areas and flooding in others. Reforestation will not fix what took centuries to be created by acts of the Great Spirit.


As self-elected keepers of one of the world’s only untitled unpatented unmolested forest lands, residents of the Cockpit Country and conservationists find themselves fighting ‘Money’ and ignorance to protect the flora and fauna protecting the water and storing plant medicine. But industry and commerce, two great engines of economic and social change are dynasties that erode everything with time. In these financially burdened times world economies are grappling with budgetary cuts and debt payments that could see their nations catapulting. Jamaica is no different. It is a small nation that can barely meet interest payments on its $2 trillion dollars debt. And at the start of the 2015-2016 fiscal year, the Jamaican Minister of Finance, Dr. Peter Phillips, reported the debt to GDP ratio at a projected 130.7 per cent. This means for every Jamaican cent earned, Jamaica owes $130.7 to its debtors.

The Minister of Science, Technology, Energy & Mining, in his Sectoral Presentation 2015-2016 states that 4.8 million tonnes of bauxite valued at US$672.3 was exported in 2014 and that Jamaica mined and quarried approximately 12.3 million tonnes of limestone. Efforts to protect 40% of Jamaica’s underwater resources in the Cockpit Country are at a critical stage. Jamaicans must convince their elected officials that the ever present foreign debt, national bills, individual greed and their political futures are priced cheaply to its valued resources. In fact the very ‘bauxite’ -red dirt- being exported is space dust. It fell from the heavens as red dirt during a period in history when parts of the Earth were prophetically covered with blood rained from the sky. The real capabilities of the space dust -bauxite- are unknown and are being removed from the island and stock piled in a few foreign countries.

Despite the financial struggles of the Jamaican government to eek its way to sustainable development, residents, stakeholders and conservationists are reporting the mining companies when they are spotted in the Cockpit Country. With hindsight these residents view other areas mined for bauxite and quarried for limestone in the parishes of St. Catherine, Clarendon and St. Ann, as precursors to their beloved terrain. In those parishes the few feet of soil dumped to fill the excavated lands have not replace missing mountain ranges. Also, news of farmers frustration with the man-made topography, which have been found incapable of supporting the regrowth of trees but only able to grow vegetables and weeds, makes mining a valid concern to their extensive farming communities. Endemic flora and fauna used as medicine by medicine men and women and by herbalists to treat the ill will be forever gone. For all these reasons Jamaica’s Holy Spirit given resources are more valuable than money. But think of the Maroons and why they were transported on arcs of rainbow. They came as nation builders and a nation cannot exists without the people or resources to sustain its people.

Marijuana: A Possible Gateway to the Spirits

Marijuana, popularly called ganja, serves more than its popular recreational use for many. Foreigners are sold a Jamaica with visual images of sun, sand, sea and sex -that is, a Rasta man with a big bamboo offering ganja smoked nights. This is a limitation of so many aspects of Jamaica’s culture. For many Jamaicans, Native Americans and East Indians, smoking ganja offers a medicinal and a spiritual experience. It was in Jamaica that marijuana’s use in reducing the eye’s optic pressure was discovered.

For the spiritual inclined, marijuana transcends the human spirit to a higher high. Iconic dub icon Lee Scratch Perry says ganja is a spirit. Coming from the man who says he travels in the moon, such words have weight because Lee Scratch Perry is claiming to have walked with gods. Lee Scratch Perry is a legend in music. Considered one of the creators of Reggae, he is an icon in world music and is credited with helping the Legend, Bob Marley, find self-confidence in the natural melodies of his voice. When the world took Reggae, Lee Scratch Perry is credited with evolving reggae into dub. Dub spawned into dancehall music and rap. If this genius concludes ganja is a spirit, then marijuana’s hallucinogenic qualities may be what makes it a gateway to the spirit world.

Doubt the spiritual world exists? Doubt all your scary or unbelievably good experiences as a kid? Doubt the existence of the angels spoken of by TV, religions, folklore, mythology and cosmology. The Mad Scientist, Einstein, who helped create the nuclear bomb and split the nucleus of an atom when asked by a schoolgirl if he prayed answered, ‘Everyone who is seriously interested in the pursuit of science becomes convinced that a spirit is manifest in the laws of the universe – a spirit vastly superior to man, and one in the face of which our modest powers must seem humble.’ Could this spirit be the Great Spirit, the Creator of the universe? The One whom people say they commune with the higher on marijuana they get.

As the human spirit develops it becomes more aware of its spiritual surrounding. With a marijuana trip a person is shocked by sudden exposure to things of which they had little or no understanding. It is at this point they may fall under the torture of spirits. So powerful are some people’s hallucinogenic or spiritual experiences that they hear and see ‘weird’ things or fall under the possession of spirits.

Scientifically it is worth investigating the many claims spirits exists and that they can be used like genies to fulfill wishes. Let us add this premise to Einstein’s theory of special and general relativity which purports the possibility of travelling ahead of time by changing the path in space or the velocity of travel. It sounds like science fiction or some thing from a comic. Except! People have been claiming these gifts from the beginning of time. Prophets, shamans, psychics, neighbors, cousins, brothers, sisters and friends have at times claimed to predict people’s futures and even their own by travelling in time. Some people claim to have lived the experienced before and this is what is called déjà vu. There is a modern case of a Jamaican woman called Queenie, who went into a trance and woke from it speaking a language that had been dead for 5,000 years. With Einstein’s theory iin Queenie’s experience, she traveled back in time and space -5,000 years. If human spirits have been travelling through space and time to the future and past to reveal prophecy, then; as human beings we may all be capable of living like science fiction.

Marijuana users can expect complications will always exist with legalizing the plant because of its being perceived as a gateway drug. Any real examination of its uses has been subverted. Marijuana will always be a topical issue because of its spiritual or hallucinogenic properties and the continued existence of century old ancestral worship will forever pose problems. Like a puff of smoke its ether evaporates from a lit spliff. As clouds materialize from the invisible air and descend in translucent drops; likewise, spirits rise.

Ponder also if marijuana was found in Solomon’s grave and if it is true that marijuana was one of the five oils Jesus used.

Money In The Bank

Welcoming Greece Into The 3rd World

Greece’s ‘oxi’ or ‘nai’ votes puts the two systems, Democracy and Capitalism at war. Democracy is people driven governance and Capitalism is the individual pursuit of wealth. Both systems have been with us for centuries and are the ideals of our modern era. Rastafarians call these the ‘izms’ and ‘skizms’ of a Babylon system and by that they possibly mean -these ae remnant philosophies of the Babylonian period. Democracy has been credited to the Greeks in 508/7 BC and was ratified by Earth’s Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948, after the 2nd World War as, our chosen system of governance. We, the people of earth were deciding to use civil discourse as the best practice in deciding our fate because warring among ourselves was no longer a solution, despite its present linger.

With the ‘oxi’ or ‘nai’ votes, the Greeks are expecting Democracy to save them from economic collapse of biblical proportion. The Ancient scrolls credit Capitalism to Joseph. According to the scrolls translated in the King James Version of the Bible, Joseph (an Israelite) introduced capitalism to the Pharaoh through the interpretation of a dream and went on to structure Egyptian civilization around it, even structuring his own tribe into slavery. Capitalism has become the right of modern man to advantage him or herself financially above his or her neighbor. It has been around since the beginning of human existence but was systematically established in Egypt, one of the Ethiopian continent’s legacies that spread into Europe. This libertine and individualistic pursuit is at the heart of every man and woman; for, every people have strived for material betterment at the expense of others. But it has crippled the communal progress of all peoples by maintaining the mass as expendable labour, while nurturing individual hope of being the breakout star of the group. The ancient African philosophy aims to subdue Europe’s philosophy of democracy.

A few families are said to control this capitalist system. Oxfam reports that 85 people own 65% more than 3.5 billion of us. Oxfam’s projection is that by 2016, 99% of our Earth’s wealth will be in the hands of this 1% group. The 7 billion of us are neo-slaves. We must exam what Greece’s exercise of Democracy is saying about our sustained development and capitalism. The standards set by our Charter of 1948 ensure the basic human rights, as ratified by our existing governments and should not be eroded by human greed. We must think and check our desire to stand on others.

Our monetary system is the bedrock of Capitalism. It is illogical in its entirety and unfair in its practices. The banks limit the amount of money to be withdrawn but its policies engender limitless debts. It is illogical to contract to ballooning debts. Such a contract unethically enslaves the borrower to an indeterminable debt that has seen economies like Jamaica, Greece, Spain, Sudan, et cetera, passing indeterminable debts to citizens. Our banks are private entities seeking to govern us. The Scotsman- William Paterson, who nationalized the Bank of England said,

                           “The bank hath benefit of interest on all moneys which it creates out of nothing.” – William Paterson

We borrow limited sums and with this benefit of interest, imaginary money is created as sum owed.

The International Monetary Fund and European Central Bank are advocating the common rhetoric of judicial reforms, cuts on expenditure and increased taxation for monies that failed Greece on the two preceding near collapses; monies which balooned as all imagined debts do. And at the same time are carving out the Rule of Law.

We must ask ourselves what are our standards. If we advance Earth’s communal wealth by adhering to our ratified Rights of 1948 and stifle the individual pursuits of these 85 people, will we also be ensuring that our communities can support the individual pursuits of the mass. And what are our standards? Our standards are our basic needs of food, shelter, clothing, our freedoms, our security and access to technology, et cetera, as ratfied by our governments in 1948 and enacted therafter amongst our member states. If we start by constructing homes for the nations of earth, we will be sustaining our development and spurring capitalism. When Pharaoh’s capitalists enslaved the mass, they erected homes to house their slaves. In this modern era, are we any less civilized?