Month: July 2015

Marijuana: A Possible Gateway to the Spirits

Marijuana, popularly called ganja, serves more than its popular recreational use for many. Foreigners are sold a Jamaica with visual images of sun, sand, sea and sex -that is, a Rasta man with a big bamboo offering ganja smoked nights. This is a limitation of so many aspects of Jamaica’s culture. For many Jamaicans, Native Americans and East Indians, smoking ganja offers a medicinal and a spiritual experience. It was in Jamaica that marijuana’s use in reducing the eye’s optic pressure was discovered.

For the spiritual inclined, marijuana transcends the human spirit to a higher high. Iconic dub icon Lee Scratch Perry says ganja is a spirit. Coming from the man who says he travels in the moon, such words have weight because Lee Scratch Perry is claiming to have walked with gods. Lee Scratch Perry is a legend in music. Considered one of the creators of Reggae, he is an icon in world music and is credited with helping the Legend, Bob Marley, find self-confidence in the natural melodies of his voice. When the world took Reggae, Lee Scratch Perry is credited with evolving reggae into dub. Dub spawned into dancehall music and rap. If this genius concludes ganja is a spirit, then marijuana’s hallucinogenic qualities may be what makes it a gateway to the spirit world.

Doubt the spiritual world exists? Doubt all your scary or unbelievably good experiences as a kid? Doubt the existence of the angels spoken of by TV, religions, folklore, mythology and cosmology. The Mad Scientist, Einstein, who helped create the nuclear bomb and split the nucleus of an atom when asked by a schoolgirl if he prayed answered, ‘Everyone who is seriously interested in the pursuit of science becomes convinced that a spirit is manifest in the laws of the universe – a spirit vastly superior to man, and one in the face of which our modest powers must seem humble.’ Could this spirit be the Great Spirit, the Creator of the universe? The One whom people say they commune with the higher on marijuana they get.

As the human spirit develops it becomes more aware of its spiritual surrounding. With a marijuana trip a person is shocked by sudden exposure to things of which they had little or no understanding. It is at this point they may fall under the torture of spirits. So powerful are some people’s hallucinogenic or spiritual experiences that they hear and see ‘weird’ things or fall under the possession of spirits.

Scientifically it is worth investigating the many claims spirits exists and that they can be used like genies to fulfill wishes. Let us add this premise to Einstein’s theory of special and general relativity which purports the possibility of travelling ahead of time by changing the path in space or the velocity of travel. It sounds like science fiction or some thing from a comic. Except! People have been claiming these gifts from the beginning of time. Prophets, shamans, psychics, neighbors, cousins, brothers, sisters and friends have at times claimed to predict people’s futures and even their own by travelling in time. Some people claim to have lived the experienced before and this is what is called déjà vu. There is a modern case of a Jamaican woman called Queenie, who went into a trance and woke from it speaking a language that had been dead for 5,000 years. With Einstein’s theory iin Queenie’s experience, she traveled back in time and space -5,000 years. If human spirits have been travelling through space and time to the future and past to reveal prophecy, then; as human beings we may all be capable of living like science fiction.

Marijuana users can expect complications will always exist with legalizing the plant because of its being perceived as a gateway drug. Any real examination of its uses has been subverted. Marijuana will always be a topical issue because of its spiritual or hallucinogenic properties and the continued existence of century old ancestral worship will forever pose problems. Like a puff of smoke its ether evaporates from a lit spliff. As clouds materialize from the invisible air and descend in translucent drops; likewise, spirits rise.

Ponder also if marijuana was found in Solomon’s grave and if it is true that marijuana was one of the five oils Jesus used.


Money In The Bank

Welcoming Greece Into The 3rd World

Greece’s ‘oxi’ or ‘nai’ votes puts the two systems, Democracy and Capitalism at war. Democracy is people driven governance and Capitalism is the individual pursuit of wealth. Both systems have been with us for centuries and are the ideals of our modern era. Rastafarians call these the ‘izms’ and ‘skizms’ of a Babylon system and by that they possibly mean -these ae remnant philosophies of the Babylonian period. Democracy has been credited to the Greeks in 508/7 BC and was ratified by Earth’s Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948, after the 2nd World War as, our chosen system of governance. We, the people of earth were deciding to use civil discourse as the best practice in deciding our fate because warring among ourselves was no longer a solution, despite its present linger.

With the ‘oxi’ or ‘nai’ votes, the Greeks are expecting Democracy to save them from economic collapse of biblical proportion. The Ancient scrolls credit Capitalism to Joseph. According to the scrolls translated in the King James Version of the Bible, Joseph (an Israelite) introduced capitalism to the Pharaoh through the interpretation of a dream and went on to structure Egyptian civilization around it, even structuring his own tribe into slavery. Capitalism has become the right of modern man to advantage him or herself financially above his or her neighbor. It has been around since the beginning of human existence but was systematically established in Egypt, one of the Ethiopian continent’s legacies that spread into Europe. This libertine and individualistic pursuit is at the heart of every man and woman; for, every people have strived for material betterment at the expense of others. But it has crippled the communal progress of all peoples by maintaining the mass as expendable labour, while nurturing individual hope of being the breakout star of the group. The ancient African philosophy aims to subdue Europe’s philosophy of democracy.

A few families are said to control this capitalist system. Oxfam reports that 85 people own 65% more than 3.5 billion of us. Oxfam’s projection is that by 2016, 99% of our Earth’s wealth will be in the hands of this 1% group. The 7 billion of us are neo-slaves. We must exam what Greece’s exercise of Democracy is saying about our sustained development and capitalism. The standards set by our Charter of 1948 ensure the basic human rights, as ratified by our existing governments and should not be eroded by human greed. We must think and check our desire to stand on others.

Our monetary system is the bedrock of Capitalism. It is illogical in its entirety and unfair in its practices. The banks limit the amount of money to be withdrawn but its policies engender limitless debts. It is illogical to contract to ballooning debts. Such a contract unethically enslaves the borrower to an indeterminable debt that has seen economies like Jamaica, Greece, Spain, Sudan, et cetera, passing indeterminable debts to citizens. Our banks are private entities seeking to govern us. The Scotsman- William Paterson, who nationalized the Bank of England said,

                           “The bank hath benefit of interest on all moneys which it creates out of nothing.” – William Paterson

We borrow limited sums and with this benefit of interest, imaginary money is created as sum owed.

The International Monetary Fund and European Central Bank are advocating the common rhetoric of judicial reforms, cuts on expenditure and increased taxation for monies that failed Greece on the two preceding near collapses; monies which balooned as all imagined debts do. And at the same time are carving out the Rule of Law.

We must ask ourselves what are our standards. If we advance Earth’s communal wealth by adhering to our ratified Rights of 1948 and stifle the individual pursuits of these 85 people, will we also be ensuring that our communities can support the individual pursuits of the mass. And what are our standards? Our standards are our basic needs of food, shelter, clothing, our freedoms, our security and access to technology, et cetera, as ratfied by our governments in 1948 and enacted therafter amongst our member states. If we start by constructing homes for the nations of earth, we will be sustaining our development and spurring capitalism. When Pharaoh’s capitalists enslaved the mass, they erected homes to house their slaves. In this modern era, are we any less civilized?

Erasing Apartheid From a Jail Cell: Nelson Mandela’s Story

Though he is known as Nelson Mandela, he was born Rolihlahla Mandela on the 18th of July 1918 in the village of Mvezo, Umtata, Cape Province in South Africa to Nosekeni Fanny and Gadla Henry Mphakanyiswa. The birth name Rolihlahla means “troublemaker”, a very apt description for the fire Nelson Mandela lit destroying the apartheid system in South Africa.


Apartheid was a system of governance which segregated whites from non-whites, denying non-whites their basic human rights and this great leader, Nelson Mandela, was the face of the struggle against it. The name “Nelson” that the world came to know Mandela by was given to him by a teacher at the Methodist school he attended at the age of seven. This was the beginning of formal education for Nelson Mandela but not his informal education. Mandela was descended from royalty and as such he was trained to be a hereditary royal councilor because his great-grandfather was Ngubengcuka, the royal ruler of the Thembu people.
To evade an arranged marriage, Mandela went to Johannesburg where he studied law at the University of the Witwatersrand and was the only black student on campus. Subsequently he formed the first black run law firm. It was during this period that he met and married Evelyn Mase, an activist on the 5th of October 1944 and had their first child -Madiba “Thembi” Thembekile in February 1945, and later, a daughter named Makaziwe in 1947, who died nine months later of meningitis. The couple had their second daughter, Makaziwe Phumia, in May 1954 and became divorced in March 1958. After the divorce he married Winnie Madikizela, a social worker whom he met during the divorce proceedings. That wedding took place in Bizana on the 14th of June 1958.


As an activist for the social upliftment of the mass, Nelson Mandela always supported non violence but after police fired indiscriminately into a crowd of 5000 protestors, killing 69 and seriously injuring 180 men, women and children on March 21, 1960 –an incident known as the Sharpeville Massacre, Mandela’s activism shifted from non violence to a more militant revolution. This was the 1960s, an era when “Third World” nations were extricating themselves from colonialism and being courted by communism. Mandela proposed violent tactics to the executive of the African National Conference (ANC) which led to the formation of Umkhonto we Swizwe. This militancy led to him being charged for high treason and being sentenced to lifelong imprisonment on Robben Island.
The international respect Nelson Mandela received was well deserved. From the cell of a prison he was able to marshal a counter government able to overthrow the ruling apartheid government, though at first, being rationed to one letter every six months. What is also striking is that he was able to gain most of his accreditation and worldwide support to end apartheid also while imprisoned. This speaks to the power of the man, the born ‘troublemaker. From behind bars, Nelson Mandela maintained himself as leader of the anti-apartheid resistance, leading the African National Conference (ANC) and the entire South Africa in its fight against apartheid. US politician Samuel Dash was apt in stating –“Indeed, throughout our meeting, I felt that I was in the presence not of a guerrilla fighter or racial ideologue, but of a head of state” and this was how Mandela gained allies such as the United States’ President Ronald Reagan and United Kingdom’s Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, for even incarcerated he was his State’s man.


In 1985 when the Botha led government was forced to issue a state of emergency forcing police to initiate anti-civil unrest strategies, it was Mandela whom the international community looked to quell the anti-apartheid resistance that had engulfed South Africa. Mandela was a diplomat and though he supported non-violence, he also supported the anti-apartheid resistance fighting the brutality of the Botha forces, as the ANC was able to commit 231 attacks in 1986 and 235 in 1987.


The South African government had no choice but to release Nelson Mandela on February 11, 1990 and end apartheid. Mandela had galvanized worldwide support that painted South Africa’s apartheid as barbaric and too archaic for a world of human rights.
Over his lifetime Nelson Mandela was granted more than 250 honors, including the 1993 Nobel Peace Prize, the US Presidential Medal of Freedom, the Soviet Order of Lenin, and was elected the first black President of South Africa in 1994 but his greatest achievement was his life long activism -ending apartheid in South Africa. Nelson Mandela died on the 5th of December 2013 and the world wept


Kicking Hypertension

If you are nearing age 50, have a high calorie diet or have lived a stressed filled life chances are you are a candidate for hypertension, commonly known as high blood pressure. Hypertension is simply the inability of the body to regulate the sodium content of the blood, which increases pressure in the blood as the blood cells retain more water to counter its high salt content. Hypertension is a chronic –lifelong disease. If not managed it leads to heart and kidney failure, as well as stroke. In its early onset hypertension has little or no symptoms but persons have reported experiencing dizziness (especially early in the mornings), tinnitus (buzzing in the ear) and fainting. A visit to the doctor will reveal systolic and diastolic pressure of 160/100 mmHg) and higher or 140/90 mm Hg, which is treated with hypertensive medications.

There are simple ways of assisting an ageing mom, dad, grandmother, grandfather or even yourself if you a combating this disease. The health community recommends pharmacological and non-pharmacological methods. The most proven non-pharmacological measures are physical and sports activities, weight reduction, dietary adaption and reduction of salt intake as well as nicotine abstinence and moderate alcohol consumption.  For pharmacological treatment five main substance groups are available: thiazide diuretics, ACE inhibitors, AT1 blockers, calcium channel blockers and beta blockers.

Encourage yourself, family and friends to embark on lifestyle changes. Firstly, a dietary change is compulsory. The number one method is to reduce the salt intake. Salt is found in most of the food we consume. According to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, the Nutrition Facts Label lists a Daily Value of 2,400 mg per day for sodium [6 grams of sodium chloride (salt)].It recommends less than 2,300 mg of sodium a day or 1,500 mg if you are age 51 or older. To understand the quantity of salt in the food read the labels and research the food groups.

Harvard Health Publications in 2005 agreed with a research done by St. George’s Medical School in London that potassium chloride lowers high blood pressure. The cells in the human body need a balance of sodium and potassium salts to function. For persons with high blood pressure there is excess sodium and not enough potassium in the blood. Potassium chloride is found in fruits such as banana, orange, tomato, avocado, vegetables such as spinach, Swiss chard, kale, Brussels sprouts and ground provisions such as sweet potatoes.

Taking an enjoyable walk in the community for fifteen minutes will help reduce the sodium in the blood. The body will use what is stored in the blood for the pleasurable exercise and sweating rids the body of salts through the pores in the skin. Numerous researches have shown that by exercising and controlling food intake a person with high blood pressure will begin to lose weight. The U.S. National Library of Medicine states that in a study involving 2100 participants, the loss of 4 kilograms (about 9 pounds) lowered blood pressure –systolic value fell by 4.5 mm Hg and diastolic by 3 mm Hg. It also examined four studies with 2,000 participants taking the drug Orlistat for weight loss and the effect on blood pressure. The participants lost an average of 4 kg (8.8 pounds) over 6 to 48 months; systolic pressure fell by 2.5 mmHg and diastolic by 2 mm Hg. Orlistat is the only drug approved for long-term treatment of obesity in Germany.

Anyone diagnosed with hypertension need not let the fear of the disease overwhelm them. High blood pressure can be managed by the individual if it is controlled. There are many researches done that can aid in the lifelong treatment of the disease, which begins with having a healthy attitude.

Freedom of Speech and the Internet

Journalism and the Internet

Users of the internet are accustomed to seeing an abundance of Ads offering links to pornographic websites and to accessing naked images of celebrities by typing Rihanna or Britney Spears in a search engine, and even to disseminating controversial pictures of the girl or boy-next-door who got drunk in Mr. Jones’ house when he was away on vacation. Very few people who forward scandalous texts about Viviane at work, or who send a photo or avatar of their genitalia to a crush, or broadcast tarnishing messages about a former lover or enemy to someone else’s smart phone, tablet or laptop stop to contemplate the legal effect. With 2 billion users, cyberspace is hard to police. However, international and local laws are changing how people access and use the web by challenging the right to freedom of expression and in so doing, the right to a free press.

There is no such thing as a truly free press. Article 19 of the Universal Declarations of Human Rights (UDHR) ratified by the United Nations General Assembly in 1948 guarantees ‘Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers.’ No other medium provides for persons to seek, receive and impart information and ideas across borders without interference like the internet. Its unadulterated development facilitated a preponderance of uncensored news that get uploaded by random witnesses; yet, many traditional journalists have to apply discretion. especially when broadcasting sensitive news through large media houses that are easier to face lawsuits.

The freedom of speech battle is mainly between the rights of adults and the right of the child to be protected from information that are of harm. The Communications Decency Act was the first act in the United States to seek to regulate the internet. It has made it illegal to distribute information deemed obscene or harmful –like: graphic videos that show political prisoners being shot, texting the name of children who have been raped or who witness a crime, or even of one’s own nakedness if it was knowingly distributed to a child.

Other countries are waging online wars to guard children from adult obscenity on the internet. reported on May 6, 2015 that York police’s collaboration with members of the United States Department of Homeland Security, the Provincial Strategy to Protect Children from Sexual Abuse and Exploitation on the Internet, FBI, INTERPOL, RCMP and various ICE investigators across Canada yielded 7 arrests in an international child pornography raid. On the same day, CBC News also reported that Project Hydra caused 41 people in 17 countries to be arrested and in 2010 Project Spade by Canadian police led to the arrest of 350 persons from 50 countries and the rescue of 386 children.

Journalism and Discretion

Journalism and Business

The liberty of any journalist to publish a story is subject to various constraints that at times create contentions between the journalist’s discretion and freedom of speech, especially as it affects the business of journalism and the business community. This contention came to the fore recently when on the 16th of March 2015 on, it was reported that Carmen Aristegui, the host of a nightly television talk show on CNN, was dismissed by MVS for exposing a possible conflict of interest with real estate deals involving Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto and his wife.

The impact of news is such that whether the published material is sacrosanct or not, the reported matter may impact negatively on one party, while affecting the rights and interests of other groups and though matters of public interest are generally thought a high ideal, the personal rights of the individual heavily factor. A journalist has to inform the community of moral discrepancies concerning its elects. Simultaneously they could possibly face legal and other sanctions. This forces the journalist to question whether the discretionary right to free speech is discretionary and if so, can speech be free. Journalists then have to determine what they stand for, as factual or not, disseminated news can be libelous. For this reason articles about bankruptcy, insolvency and liquidation can be costly and are generally assessed by the editor before being published.

Integrity in journalism is necessary to its survival as a business. The business has to maintain the audiences’ faith that the news being delivered is factual and free of biases. Journalists try to be fair by understanding that there are many perspectives to every story and many points of view. A Journalist’s responsibility is to ensure both sides of the story are presented. To be fair to all sides, all information being sourced is preferably ascertained from two reputable sources and where there is only one source that source must be very credible.

Part of journalistic discretion is to remain free from biases and conflicts of interests. This is to ensure the business of journalism is free of corruption. When Game journalist and co-founder of Press Select, Brendan Keogh, was accused by Gamergate, Wiki as having had financial and other ties to Aevee Bee, Keogh’s September 14, 2014 article, Game of moans: the death throes of the male ‘gamer’, an expose on misogamy in the gaming industry came under heavy criticism by the affected Gamergate. No journalist is to report on a company or business that he or she or her or his family has invested in, intends to invest with, or stands to make a profit or gain from. Gifts, even where the value is nominal, should not be accepted to ensure that no conflict of interest exists. Under no circumstances should journalists accept money from nor give money to governmental bodies, businesses, labor or trade groups, or lobbying or special interest groups that they are exposing. This will only undermine the news.